Understand that outer appearances are unreal
because they are illusions.
Understand that inner mind is empty
because it is devoid of self-entity.
Understand that thoughts are momentary
because they occur due to conditions.
Understand that your body and speech are impermanent
because they are conditioned.
Understand that the consequences of your actions are inevitable
because all the pleasure and pain of sentient beings result from karma.
Understand that pain is your spiritual friend
because it is the cause of renunciation.
Understand that pleasure and happiness are the demons of attachment
because they are the roots of samsara.
Understand that many engagements are obstacles for merit
because they hinder spiritual practice.
Understand that enemies and obstructers are your teachers
because they are inspiration for spiritual practice.
Understand that everything is of equal nature
because all phenomena are ultimately devoid of self-nature.
These are the ten things to understand.