All phenomena arise from causes.
Those causes have been taught by the Tathāgata,
and their cessation has been proclaimed by the Great Śramaṇa.
ye dharmā hetu prabhavā hetun,
teṣāṃ tathāgato hyavadat,
teṣāṃ ca yo nirodha,
evaṃ vādī mahāśramaṇa
The first line points to the truth of suffering, the second to the truth of the cause of suffering, and the third to the truths of cessation and the path to the cessation of suffering.