Sources of Knowledge

firesmokeWhat is manifest is known by valid perception.

What is hidden is known by valid inference.

What is extremely hidden is known by valid testimony.


In the presence of fire, seeing the flames and feeling the heat constitutes valid perception.

At a distance from the fire, seeing the smoke and understanding that ‘where there is smoke, there is fire’ constitutes a valid inference.

At a further distance from the fire (in time or space), hearing from a reliable witness about the fire constitutes a valid testimony.


About Tashi Nyima

I am a Dharma student, and aspire to be a companion on the path. I trust that these texts can offer a general approach and basic tools for practicing the Buddha's way to enlightenment. ||| Soy un estudiante del Dharma, y aspiro a ser un compañero en el sendero. Espero que estos textos ofrezcan a algunos un mapa general y herramientas básicas para la práctica del sendero a la iluminación que nos ofrece el Buda.
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