Afflicting emotions —attachment, aversion, and indifference— have their root in the view of the false personal self (“me”), because there is both positive and negative concomitance between the presence of the view of the false self and the presence of afflicted emotions.
Afflicting emotions do not arise due to external objects, since even when there is an external object, the passions do not arise without the presence of a negative mental disposition. And even when there is no external object, the passions do arise in the presence of a negative mental disposition.
It is not logical that an emotion that does not depend on the presence or absence of an external object could have that object as its cause, because this notion exceeds the established bounds of a relationship of cause and effect.
Since beginningless time, the view of the false self (“me”), cultivated in similar previous moments of that view, has produced the perception of “mine”. Partiality for “me” and “mine” produces all emotional afflictions.
The passions arise due to this false perspective of “me”. That is, affection and partiality for “me” cannot arise in individuals who do not consider themselves to be separate, personal selves. Nor can attachment for objects arise for individuals who do not perceive them as “mine”, since objects unrelated to “me” cannot be considered to produce personal happiness.
Similarly, aversion cannot manifest in individuals without attachment, since they do not perceive any objects as inimical to their personal existence or that of their possessions. Therefore, aversion is not possible for those without the view of false self (“me”), or for those who have eliminated it
The view of emptiness contradicts the view of the false self, since its objective basis is a contrary appearance. The simultaneous coexistence of the views of emptiness and the false self and the identity of both appearances in one unique mental continuum are untenable.
Since the view of emptiness contradicts the view of false self, the view of emptiness also contradicts the afflicting emotions, which have the view of the false self as their root.